KEYNOTE: “It’s just like being there in person”: International videoconferencing in families
This Presentation reports on findings from a study of 17 New Zealand families Skyping with far-away family members. I will begin by examining the statement “it’s just like being there in person” made by one of our participants and delve into the ‘if and when’ the computer becomes ubiquitous in family videoconferencing interactions. Utilising the theoretical/analytical notions of modal density, modal configurations, and the foreground-background continuum of attention awareness, I will illustrate how videoconferencing is integrated into everyday family life and demonstrate how families make use of this technology to stay close. Next, I will unpack the complexity by examining the rhythms and time scales in international videoconferences and illustrate that by examining time cycles (such as the entropic cycle, which is the formation and decay of material substances; the solar cycle, which is the 365-day revolution of the earth around the sun; or the circadian cycle, which is the 24-hour rotation of the moon around the earth), we in fact can discover (INTER)ACTION CYCLES, that appear almost unnoticeably in everyday (inter)actions as they originated in far earlier time scales than the ongoing videoconferencing family (inter)action. The discovery of (inter)action cycles as well as the discovery of multiple overlapping and not-overlapping real or experienced rhythms allow us to examine complexities that question an easy use of videoconferencing technology in international education as well as in international work place communications.
WORKSHOP: Multimodal transcription conventions for replicability or studies and reliability
This is a hands-on workshop in which participants will learn how to transcribe multimodal action and interaction in a replicable and reliable way. Working through offered excerpts, we will learn to first discern hand-arm movements, postural shifts, gaze shifts, and much more, and then learn to combine all of the individual modal transcripts in order to develop a final multimodal transcript that reliably illustrates complex actions and interactions. The term mode is shown to be theoretically useful when dissecting complex actions. Mode, defined as a system of mediated action, is however, delineated by the individual researcher according to the data piece under scrutiny. Individual modes, as we will learn, in fact tell us little about an interaction. Only when a final transcript is produced that reliably explicates the multiplicity of ongoing actions, can we understand always complex (inter)actions.